Ticks in NJ – Tick Control in New Jersey
People worry when tick season arrives about participating in outdoor activities and events because they are concerned about the well-being of their pets and children. Ticks in NJ are only second to mosquitoes in transferring pathogens from host to host.
Ticks are parasites that require the blood of a host to survive although they can survive up to a year without feeding. They feed on wild animals, livestock, pets, and humans. Ticks are not insects they are part of the arthropod family which include scorpions, spiders, mites, and scorpions. NJ ticks are most prevalent in the summer months (from April to September) that are the warmest but can be found year round. A female tick requires blood before she lays her eggs which can number in the thousands. The male tick dies after reproducing and the female tick dies after she lays her first batch of eggs.
Ticks in New Jersey – Established Families
Soft ticks and hard ticks in New Jersey are the two established families of ticks. Ticks have no antennae and are wingless. They have a single oval body region that is flat. Ticks attached themselves firmly to their host and may go unnoticed for a considerable period of time while feeding. It takes a couple of days for a tick to complete feeding on its host. A tick matures in stages from egg to adult. Some families reach the maturity level after only a few stages of growth while some require as many as eight to fully develop into maturity. An immature tick has six legs while a full grown adult has eight. The availability of food, temperature, and humidity also affects the length of time it takes to get to maturity.
Misconceptions About Ticks
Ticks do not fly or jump contrary to popular belief. They sit on a bush or on the ground an extend their front legs waiting for a host to wander by. Ticks “quest” when they search for a host detecting odors, body heat, vibrations, moist air currents, and carbon dioxide that the human or animal leave. Once a host wanders by the tick crawls on the host and latches onto them to get their meal. Ticks prefer certain hosts to feed on over others such as the Deer Tick, Bird Tick, Bat Tick, Bird Tick, Cat Tick, and American Dog Tick. Although ticks have preferred hosts they will still use a host as long as it has blood in it.
How Ticks Spread
There are many ways in which New Jersey ticks can enter into a home but the family pet is the one of the more popular ways they move into it from outside. You can pick up a tick from walking in the woods, brush, or weeds. They attach themselves on your clothes, skin, or hair and latch themselves on the backs of knees, ears, armpits, waist, or in your hair.
Dangers and Signs
Ticks spread many diseases when feeding on animal or human hosts. Some examples of diseases include Lyme disease, Q Fever, Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever, Tularemia, Meningoencephalitis, and Tick Paralysis. A tick bite can cause a tiny lump or a skin reaction. There is usually itching and redness in the area that the tick latched themselves onto the host.
After feeding on a host for a few days a female tick will drop off of her host to lay her eggs. She will find tiny crevices to store her eggs which can result in a full blown infestation of a home. These eggs can hatch months later and make it difficult to permanently remove the infestation long after you think the problem has been resolved. Coastal can help you with tick control in Monmouth County, Ocean County, Middlesex County, and the surrounding areas in New Jersey.